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Cross-lease services

We help a lot of clients with their cross-lease properties and have all the right relationships with other services to help get this done.

Cross-lease to freehold

Your property may be worth more as a fee-simple title

Update flats plan

If the buildings on-site do not match your cross-lease flats plan, then your title is probably defective.

Introducing Good Title

We can offer a full-service cross-lease to fee-simple conversion process, including the required legal work under our Good Title brand.

Good Title Edits C emmalinephotography com 2 7593

What is a cross-lease?

A cross-lease form of tenure is where multiple individuals own an undivided share of land, which they build on, with the land being leased from the other owners, often for a term of 999 years. It started in the late 1950s as a ‘non-subdivision’ method to get a separate title for the land, often while avoiding the subdivision rules and contribution requirements at that time. This made it significantly cheaper than subdividing by way of fee-simple titles, and Councils generally had separate requirements for units on fee-simple titles that allowed for the increased density of development. It was commonly used for townhouses and flats, however more recently prior to the Environment Court determining cross-lease as a ‘subdivision’, this form of tenure was also used to build full-sized dwellings as well. No new developments use this form of tenure, however with many existing dwellings having been altered since they were built, there are a lot of ‘up-dated’ cross-lease subdivisions being undertaken.

Cross-lease to fee-simple process

This process chart has been created to show you the steps involved in converting from cross lease to fee simple.

It should be used as a guide only.

Step 1
Step 1
  • Investigation of title, preparation of owners' agreement, preparation of easements
  • Terms of Engagement documentation signed by all owners
  • Initial site survey
  • Preparation of scheme plan and as built drainage plan
  • Scheme plan to client for approval
  • prepare subdivision application for council

Estimated Timeframe Approx 4-8 weeks

Step 2
Step 2
  • Council application submitted
  • Council consent approved and sent to client and legal provider

Estimated Timeframe Approx 6-10 weeks

Step 3
Step 3
  • Pre calculations in office
  • Surveyor goes onsite to peg new boundaries
  • Further office calculations
  • Creation of legal survey plan

Estimated Timeframe Approx 8-10 weeks

Step 4
Step 4
  • Plan proceeds through internal QA process
  • Requests 223 Certificate once all required easements are confirmed
  • Legal provider prepares all paperwork for signing by you and your neighbours

Estimated Timeframe Approx 6-8 weeks

Step 5
Step 5
  • Lodge plan with LINZ (Land Information New Zealand)
  • Obtain LINZ approval as to survey
  • Request and obtain 224 Certificate from council
  • Survus work is now complete

Estimated Timeframe Approx 8-10 weeks

Step 6
Step 6
  • Solicitor's certificate sent to banks
  • Lodgement of dealing at LINZ containing paperwork for new titles
  • LINZ processes dealing*
  • New titles issued

Estimated Timeframe Approx 2-4 weeks


  • These timeframes are subject to being able to access the site, the client's timeframes for response, and council, bank and LINZ timeframes.
  • The above timeframes reflect standard/statutory timeframes.

Got a Question about Cross-Leases?

Find it here or contact us directly.

What is the difference between cross-lease and fee-simple?

Fee-simple is what people think of as a freehold title – you own the land totally and (subject to planning restrictions) can do what you like on it without needing your neighbour’s permission.

Cross-lease titles were invented in the early 1960s to get around subdivision rules. The neighbours jointly own all the land but lease the buildings to each other. The North Shore has a very high proportion of cross-lease titles, which aren’t limited to townhouses or flats – they can be separate independent houses.

Why should cross-lease owners convert to fee-simple?

A cross-lease title simply isn’t as good a title as a fee-simple title; because your neighbour is a co-owner of your land, you need your neighbour’s permission for things that a freehold (fee-simple) owner wouldn’t. For example, any alterations to the property – even something as simple as changing a window to a french door – could require your neighbour’s consent. If your neighbour refuses consent, and you go ahead, you may be required to take your alterations down.

Cross-lease properties are often the subject of neighbour disputes, and resolving any dispute is not easy and possibly expensive. There is therefore often a value discount applied to cross-lease properties – a fee-simple property is frequently worth more, and is easier to sell. But there is also a greater benefit than just money: the ability to make your house the way you want, without needing your neighbour’s consent, and without the ongoing costs of needing to update the flat plan on your title after each alteration.

How do I know if my cross-lease title is defective?

If the buildings on-site do not match your cross-lease flats plan, then your title is probably defective. If this is the case then we advise that you either rectify the cross-lease flats plan, or even better, convert your property to a fee-simple title. Although the conversion to fee-simple is more expensive than an updated cross-lease plan, in most cases we strongly recommend converting cross-lease properties to freehold, due to the often-significant uplift in values.

Why do I have to do anything?

When you own a cross-leased property, you and your neighbour own the land together. You only lease the area shown on the cross-lease flats plan. You may also have an exclusive use area (normally your lawn and garden). If you change the outline of your building (even adding on an additional level) then you are occupying an area outside your lease area until the cross-lease flats plan is updated in agreement with your neighbour.

What are some of the advantages of fee-simple titles?
  • You will get the best form of title, where you own all of your land, with the highest degree of freedom as to how you use it.
  • Your property may be worth more as a fee-simple title than a cross-lease title.
  • You will be able to renovate and alter your fee-simple property without asking the neighbour’s permission each time.
  • You and your agent may find it easier to market and to sell.

Client feedback

Why we do what we do

The team at Survus are brilliant. Faced with a minefield of cross lease questions, they carefully unravelled all the queries and gave fantastic advice and guidance. I really appreciated the help with our property and would recommend their services.

Sarah P

Wow-what an awesome team at Survus!! You really helped me with my Unit Title questions quickly, promptly and very professionally. Reuben and the team are simply the best - Thank you guys so much! You Rock!!!

Rob N

Do you need expert advice on a cross-lease property?

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